Education services in Somalia are provided by a variety of stakeholders, including Community Education Committees, regional administrations, community-based organizations, educational umbrella groups and networks, NGOs and religious groups. The role and reach of governments in overseeing the delivery of education has increased, albeit slowly. Despite major improvements in overall school enrolment over the last eight years, only 710,860 children out of an estimated 1.7 million (UNDP projection) of primary school age children – 42 per cent of children – are in school. Of those at school, 36 per cent are girls.
Only 15 per cent of the teaching force are women with the majority being unqualified. The average primary student teacher ratio is 1:33. These national figures hide significant regional level variations.
Poor learning outcomes are reflected in the high repetition and drop-out rates and low examination pass rates. Less than 38 per cent of those enrolled in 2001/2002 in grade one successfully progressed to grade five in 2006/2007. Only 37 per cent of girls who transitioned from primary school took the Form Four exam in 2011/2012. The demand for secondary school education continues to grow steadily, yet girls make up only 28 per cent of students at that level.